Subrogation is an idea that's well-known among legal and insurance firms but often not by the people they represent. Even if it sounds complicated, it would be in your benefit to comprehend the steps of how it works. The more information you have, the more likely an insurance lawsuit will work out in your favor.
An insurance policy you own is a promise that, if something bad occurs, the firm that insures the policy will make restitutions in one way or another without unreasonable delay. If your vehicle is hit, insurance adjusters (and the courts, when necessary) decide who was to blame and that person's insurance covers the damages.
But since ascertaining who is financially accountable for services or repairs is usually a confusing affair – and time spent waiting often increases the damage to the policyholder – insurance companies usually opt to pay up front and figure out the blame afterward. They then need a path to regain the costs if, when there is time to look at all the facts, they weren't in charge of the expense.
Let's Look at an Example
You are in a highway accident. Another car crashed into yours. Police are called, you exchange insurance details, and you go on your way. You have comprehensive insurance and file a repair claim. Later police tell the insurance companies that the other driver was entirely to blame and her insurance policy should have paid for the repair of your vehicle. How does your company get its funds back?
How Subrogation Works
This is where subrogation comes in. It is the method that an insurance company uses to claim reimbursement when it pays out a claim that turned out not to be its responsibility. Some insurance firms have in-house property damage lawyers and personal injury attorneys, or a department dedicated to subrogation; others contract with a law firm. Normally, only you can sue for damages to your person or property. But under subrogation law, your insurance company is given some of your rights in exchange for making good on the damages. It can go after the money that was originally due to you, because it has covered the amount already.
How Does This Affect Me?
For one thing, if your insurance policy stipulated a deductible, your insurance company wasn't the only one who had to pay. In a $10,000 accident with a $1,000 deductible, you have a stake in the outcome as well – to be precise, $1,000. If your insurance company is timid on any subrogation case it might not win, it might choose to get back its losses by ballooning your premiums. On the other hand, if it knows which cases it is owed and goes after those cases efficiently, it is acting both in its own interests and in yours. If all $10,000 is recovered, you will get your full deductible back. If it recovers half (for instance, in a case where you are found 50 percent at fault), you'll typically get half your deductible back, depending on your state laws.
Additionally, if the total price of an accident is over your maximum coverage amount, you may have had to pay the difference. If your insurance company or its property damage lawyers, such as auto accident injury attorney Essex MD, successfully press a subrogation case, it will recover your losses as well as its own.
All insurers are not the same. When comparing, it's worth looking at the records of competing firms to evaluate whether they pursue winnable subrogation claims; if they resolve those claims in a reasonable amount of time; if they keep their customers advised as the case goes on; and if they then process successfully won reimbursements immediately so that you can get your losses back and move on with your life. If, instead, an insurer has a record of honoring claims that aren't its responsibility and then protecting its income by raising your premiums, even attractive rates won't outweigh the eventual headache.